Not all types of leadership are equal. Some can be considered better than others and have their pros and cons, their strengths and weaknesses, and their advantages and disadvantages.
The opinions expressed by employees are personal.
In every group there is usually a leader. These groups can be a group of friends, a work group, a company … In all of them a person assumes or makes him assume the rank of leader and they all follow him.
But not all types of leadership are equal. Some may be considered better than others (depending on people's perception) and have their pros and cons, their strengths and weaknesses, and their advantages and disadvantages.
Next we want to detail the 10 types of leadership that we can find today. Some may have certain aspects and characteristics that match and others are totally opposite each other:
1. Authoritarian: this type of leadership is still carried in many of today's organizations. These “leaders” are focused on them and do not let anyone think or tell you how to do things.
He also expects his subordinates to act as he orders. These types of leadership have a high percentage of absenteeism and turnover in companies.
2. Democratic: in this type of leaders the opinion of the other members does matter and they also let them get involved in the decision-making process and take it together.
Although it is true that he has the last word to decide, that is why he is the leader, but he usually makes decisions according to the majority, normally. In companies, this attitude of the leader satisfies its employees by letting their opinions and taking part in the decisions.
3. Liberal: here the leaders stand aside and let their followers act to form free. They are not accountable to anyone, not even the leader.
This may work if the group members are people with a lot of experience. It is very, very strange, to see this kind of leadership.
4. Bureaucracy: here leaders do everything as dictated by books. They follow the rules closely and make sure that everything your team members do is the right thing to do.
This type of leadership is very practical in places where there are many security problems, to avoid any accident.
5. Charismatic: these leaders inspire their followers and they follow them with much passion and admiration. This typology has good things, like whenever the leader is there, everything works like a clock, but when it is not … it may happen that things do not go as expected.
6. Natural: this occurs when the leader has never been recognized as such. This occurs when someone “leads” a group to try the common good and without expecting anything in return.
In this type of leadership, although people follow this leader, decisions are made as a team and one of the things they value most is the same values.
7. People and / or relationships oriented: these leaders focus on directing and supporting each and every member of their team. They are very participatory and support everyone's opinion. It is said to be totally opposite to the task oriented.
8. Task-oriented: as we said in point 7, it is the opposite of this. Its main focus is the work, that is fulfilled. Its objective is to define the work, set the guidelines and that this is done in the right way.
They do not usually think or care much for the welfare of their members. They are usually good at explaining the work, but very bad at motivating the group.
9. Transactional: it is a type of leadership where team members accept and agree to obey their leader completely in exchange for a payment.
If the task is not accomplished, the leader can punish the members as he sees fit. This really should not be considered leadership, rather it is an old type of management.
10. Transformational: These leaders are considered true leaders by experts in leadership theories. They inspire their teams, convey enthusiasm and, in turn, this leader feels supported by his team. It is a round trip relationship.
These are the 10 types of leadership that you can find in any group of people or work. Which is the best in your opinion? Do you consider yourself a leader? What kind of leadership do you have?